or please input the author's name "Momoyo Nishimura" on Google.
Japanese calture Series
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Life in Edo 26 Views of LIFE in EDO
The Edo Period(1603-1868)A New century has begun. Yet we are still unable to see beyond today's confusion because our economic and social system are at breaking points. Today's yardsticks and values alone are no longer adequate enough to show us how we can overcome this situation. We have decided to take ourselves back four hundred years in time to Edo Period to see if we can find values that can act asclues on how we can address today's issues.
What inspired the creators of Mon in the Edo Period ? Where did they find their inspiration and how did they transform their ideas into the distinctive Mon designs? This is explained, while providing a historical background, classified according to "ideas." The book also introduces useful design- developing techniques for today's creators.
Fudegraphy is a new type of word art. That is to write western-style characters with eastern-style pen. With hand-written characters at its core, this adds a vigor (ikioi) and a nature flow (nagare), not seen before.
Presently there are millions of Haiku lovers. The Narrow Road to the Deep North (Oku) is a series of haiku written by Basho. I have used it in my fudegraphy.
Today, for many purposes, from writing letters onwards, the computer is used. But like a pendulum swinging, these days, when people want to distinguish their origi- nality or independence,using a brush is fresh and stylish. Fudegraphy has a large potential for commercial use-for restaurant menus, titles of posters and brochures, etc.
Iroha-Karuta is a play appeared in Edo period (1603-1868) The game teaches children the wisdom for living and the inconsistencies with which we have nothing to do with. From Edo to Taisho period (1912-1926), there were published more than 40 variations. In the game, there're some controversial proverbs. We know all of them are true and often happen in our life. The contents seem to have changed gradually as the time goes by. Some of them aren't understandable now, but there are totally full of humor and sometimes of playful touch with irony in Edo period, that's "Iroha-Karuta" !
Play in Edo
Many plays in Edo Period remained in Japan for a long time, before Tokyo Olympics (1964) .
Although such plays are likely to be placed by computer games nowadays. The stress society started as many of these plays disappeared. Recently, the people engaged in the psychotherapy are paying attention to "Play as the reparable process of the mind". Look at the children's smiles here. They are serious but bottomless happy. I'm sure that your stress will be healed by seeing them.
Getting to know Japan- One step further Japan through the Keywords
Explanations are given in simple English for easier understanding Japanese culture through the Keywords. Please Enjoy tradition patterns,
Part 1 Features of Japan
Sayagata (character of Manji) Kagome (knitting of bamboo basket) Seikaiha (wave on the fine day) Asanoha (leaves of hemp)
Part 2 Japanese Seasonal Events and Festivals
We have focused on twelve seasonal festivities this day, highlight the lives of ordinary people. Kan (chest handle) Yabane (hawk feathers) Mimasu (three wooden measures) Karakusa (arabesque) while scrolling like the ancient scroll.
In the orient, when we use a fude (brush) to write letters, it usually is long and the end pointed. Using this type of fude, by covering it in ink one can draw both thin and bold lines. Even if there is little ink, called "sumi" on the fude, one can paint an interesting "kasure", or faded, misty style.
It is my pleasure to introduce to you about 80 Sumie paintings by Ohkubo Fuhkoh. Many of her pictures are seldom known and are like buried treasures. You will learn to understand these interesting and subtle lines using oriental fude.
Wagashi & Waka
Wagashi are seen by the eye and the color and form are enjoyed. The name of wagashi describes the season. I easily drew the wagashi's pictures with waka. Waka means the 31-syllable Japanese poem, also called Tanka. The Kokin and the Shin-kokin wakashu anthologies were written between the 8th to the 13th century. These waka were selected from the anthologies and if we found the name of wagashi in them. We touch ancient people's hearts through waka poems. In busy modern society, I hope you enjoy seeing them and have a relax time.
Sense of Art "Mizuhiki"
It is customary to use Mizuhiki to decorate envelopes or boxes which are to be given as gifts for various important occasions in Japan. Although both ribbons╩╩and Mizuhiki are used to decorate a gift, they are discarded after they have served they're purpose. The significance of the Mizuhiki is sometimes overlooked so I am happy to introduce to you this small and subtle art.
Sense of cool "Tenugui"
Tenugui is a traditional cotton cloth used in daily life such as handkerchiefs, towels or for shade on the head. Tenugui was developed widely during the Edo period (1603-1867). Edo was the cultural center before Kyoto was. Kyoto's tenuguis are beautifully delicate while Edo's tenuguis features are of bold design and depict a sense of humor, creative imagination, natural observation, and a sense of cool "Iki". I am very happy to introduce to you "Edo Tenugui"
One day, my father-in-law took out a small box, and said "In this box is a small treasure". The item which came out of it was a Japanese lacquer(urushi) pillbox wrapped in Japanese paper. The beautiful lacquer work (makie) was drawn on the surface. Although urushi goods were only put in the inner part of the shelves until now, I would like to use and enjoy these beautiful goods from now on. It is my pleasure to introduce to you Japanese aesthetic sense through this book. Please enjoy these beautiful goods!
It has been almost one hundred years since Haiku became known to the world. Presently there are millions of Haiku lovers. However, unlike drawings and paintings, Haiku cannot be expressed visually, so not many people know how widely they are enjoyed. So, within this book, the haiku was impressively written using a brush (fude). "Fudegraphy" is a new type of word art. That is to write Western-style characters with an Eastern-style pen. Moreover, various pictures, photographs, and paper were also devised, so that the haiku could be enjoyed also visually.
Kunio Koike, the Etegami creator, believed "if a letter can touch one person's heart it can also impress many people." He was creating his trinity expression of poetry, writing, and drawing on a postcard. Etegami is supported by many people (about 150,000 people) among different generations in Japan. If you look carefully at some ordinary vegetables in your kitchen, or some flowers in your garden, you will notice their interesting shapes and color. Why don't you draw them with a little message and send them to your friend? The friend who receives your Etegami will be pleased and surprised. Let's start to draw Etegami.
Noh drama is an important part of Japanese traditional culture. Noh has a history going back about 600 years and it retains its original form. The Noh actor who puts on a mask and a person showing his natural face to appear in a stage. The Noh actor putting on a mask is a person who died and became a ghost, in other words "Obake". By watching a Noh performance, we can learn and get an understanding of the lifestyle of that era was like. Obake is an important key factor to understanding Japanese culture.
To appear on stage is it is a person of real face and who is wearing a Noh mask.The Noh actor wearing on a mask is a person who died, a ghost, or supernatural creature.The Muromachi period there is also the influence of Buddhism, various expressions of Noh mask appeared. For example, anger, sadness, resentment, resignation, And finally is the mask of the silence that those feelings are sublimated. When it is judged from a point as an facial expression, Noh mask has reached until a noble art.
Majikiri and Karakami
Indispensable to the Japanese house of the interior element is the "partition". It is shoji, sliding door, blind, folding screen and so on. Features of the Japanese house is to use the extensive use of one of the room. Meal during the day on the tatami floor, the night is also used in the bedroom. In addition, when weddings and funerals will create a large space by connecting the two rooms. Usually here there is a sliding door as a partition. Also in the summer, it will also connect with the outdoors for better ventilation to remove the door. In the meantime suspended the blind, to produce a coolness that was seen in the eyes.
This to make an open interior, as is thanks to the partition of "sliding door". This book has introduced a lot of paper, "Karakami" of the sliding door. Beauty of Karakami also, I hope you enjoy.